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Sunday, January 3, 2010

Rolling balls and good grades

Imagine a ball rolling down an incline then hitting the bottom which is completely flat, totally level. We all know that eventually the ball will stop. The gravity that caused the ball to roll is no longer influencing it but why does it stop, why doesn't it just roll forever? Friction, the contact of the ball to the surface creates friction which eventually stops the ball.

In this case the friction which stops the ball is called a negative feedback, without the negative feedback of friction the momentum of the ball initially caused by the gravity would just go on rolling until some other force stopped it.

What is little understood by the general public in regards to global warming is that carbon dioxide (CO2) by itself can only heat the Earth so much, it is not like adding fuel to the fire, as a matter of fact the more CO2 that is put into the atmosphere, the less that the CO2 is capable of heating. In a sense it saturates it's ability to warm. This is why you hear the discussion on CO2 discussed in terms of "doubling of CO2 from pre-industrial levels" when you reach that point you have pretty much reached the limit of what CO2 can do as far as heating the atmosphere on it's own.

This is not in dispute, from IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007 (AR4)
If the amount of carbon dioxide were doubled instantaneously, with everything else remaining the same, the outgoing infrared radiation would be reduced by about 4 Wm-2. In other words, the radiative forcing corresponding to a doubling of the CO2 concentration would be 4 Wm-2. To counteract this imbalance, the temperature of the surface-troposphere system would have to increase by 1.2°C (with an accuracy of ±10%), in the absence of other changes
So as you can see a doubling of CO2 would only account for a 1.2 C of warming-period. This is not in dispute. So why do you hear all these claims that increased CO2 is going to warm the Earth by anywhere from 2-6 degC? The IPCC explains:
In reality, due to feedback, the response of the climate system is much more complex. It is believed that the overall effect of the feedback amplifies the temperature increase to 1.5 to 4.5°C. A significant part of this uncertainty range arises from our limited knowledge of clouds and their interactions with radiation.
So in order to keep the ball rolling they postulate feedback, in this case positive feedback which amplifies the heating caused by the initial heating of increased CO2. Note the caution they put on this based on clouds, perhaps a future topic, but what is it that amplifies that 1.2 degrees into dangerous temperatures which will destroy life as we know it? From the IPCC:
The so-called water vapor feedback, caused by an increase in atmospheric water vapor due to a temperature increase, is the most important feedback responsible for the amplification of the temperature increase.

To summarize, a doubling of CO2 will cause the temperature to increase by 1.2 degC, this increased temperature will then cause more evaporation of water vapor (the primary greenhouse gas) into the atmosphere which will amplify the effect of the CO2 caused warming, got it? This is known as the "enhanced greenhouse effect".

It is as if having reached the bottom of the hill our ball creates its own jet propulsion which overcomes the negative feedback of friction and keeps on going.

I mention all this in order that you may understand why the historical temperature records are so important. You see, in order for the enhanced greenhouse effect to work as a theory, it must work regardless of the agent of temperature increase.

To put it simply, according to the theory, at some point the Earth's atmosphere will reach that famous tipping point temperature which will cause this chain reaction (the enhanced greenhouse effect) and it really does not matter how the Earth's atmosphere reaches that tipping point, only that it does-then we are cooked. It is not the CO2 that will increase temperatures, it is the increased water vapor. This also assumes that nature will not have some other negative feedback to counteract the warming temperatures, such as increased clouds.

The entire enhanced greenhouse effect theory is a sham, but let's assume that it is not. In order for the alarmist to justify drastic action they must convince policy makers and the public that the current temperatures are unprecedented. Why ? Simply because if in the past had the Earth's temperatures been as high or higher than today for extended periods, then the enhanced greenhouse effect should have kicked in regardless of how the temperatures reached that tipping point.

This is one important reason why the e-mails and data released are so important to the science question. These scientist were manipulating the historical record of past climate changes. It is not just that temperatures in the past were warmer without you driving your SUV, it goes to the very heart of the entire theory. If for example as was accepted prior to the AGW nonsense infecting science, the Medieval Warming Period was warmer than today, as was accepted until these guys got their hands and agenda on the data and the process, why did we not have runaway warming? Where was the enhanced greenhouse effect while they were making wine in England?

This is also why having proponents and advocates for an unproven theory also being the keepers of the records and the gatekeepers of the process by which the science is examined is so dangerous. It is as if my wife (a teacher) allowed her students to grade their own papers and worse they were paid based on the grades they received.

This is also why the scientist who promote this theory are so unscrupulous, they know this theory and the flaws in it. They know that the entire global warming hypothesis is a two step process yet they allow the public to believe, if not out right promote the idea, that carbon dioxide alone is going to trap the heat which will melt Santa's home and drown Polar Bears. They do this without making clear to the public that carbon dioxide itself is a harmless but critically important ingredient necessary to life on this planet and that only their unproven "second step" hocus pocus theory will cause the dangerous warming which they can neither accurately quantify and which is subject to a multitude of variables "this uncertainty range arises from our limited knowledge of clouds and their interactions with radiation."

Do you believe that the public at large understands that CO2 by itself could do little more than warm the planet to more comfortable productive environment. Do you believe that the public at large understands that the reported "settled" science is just chock full of "uncertainty". Uncertainty that is possibly (probably) so large as to make this theory basically worthless. Do you believe the so called scientist who promote this theory as fact have adequately explained this to policy makers and the public? Or have they promoted an agenda and hidden the simple facts about their theory which are as easily explained as a child's ball rolling down a hill.

Update: One not quite insignificant point I wanted to make but forgot is about this one assertion in the IPCC literature quoted above:\
It is believed that the overall effect of the feedback amplifies the temperature increase

Does this sound convincing or even scientific, "it is believed" ? Obviously it is not proven, which it is not, or they would have stated that. The best they can do is give ranges of what they believe this feedback will be which is called climate sensitivity, Upon that belief the entire theory rests. It is also that  "belief"  or assumption which is fed into the computer models which forecast global warning. without this "belief" the entire theory falls apart.

we breathe their breath, our breath they breathe

When I was a child for a time I was blessed to live in the Big Sky country of eastern Montana. They call it the big sky because there are unending miles of rolling hills of grassy plains with few trees and even fewer communities to break the view. From horizon to horizon to horizon to horizon the skies reach the Earth without interruption to the human eye.

On a clear night a young boy can climb a small hill in this vast openness, lie upon the grass and gaze upon the stars. It is always bright whether the moon is out or not, so immeasurable are the stars that light the night.

Laying in the soft breeze and staring into the sky in such a place is not like a normal view of the night sky we are all familiar with, where the stars are like pin lights shining thought a black velvet cloth. No this is far different, as different as youth is from maturity. Looking into the sky at that place at that time is not to see the night filled with stars but rather to see the depths of the universe. Spiraling outward from the grassy hill is infinity, stars upon stars upon ever more stars as deep as the eye can perceive even beyond the imagination of a child.

“Where does it end?” “Is there a wall?’ “What is on the other side?” Are there more stars there or is it just black emptiness on the other side?” “Who built the wall?” “There is no wall!” “So where does it end?” “Where does it start?” “Awe!”

Only twice in adulthood have I even come close to experiencing the heavens as I did in the Big Sky, one moonless night in the Everglades and once in the middle of the Gulf of Mexico. Nothing however came close to the first time I stared into infinity and gasped with joy that I should see and feel such a thing. In that night in that place I knew there was a God, not because of the infinite Universe, but because I, a small child, could experience it and feel it and be a part of it. Touching infinity as it touched me.

And that is the key, I and all peoples that have ever been or ever will be are a part of the Universe, not apart from it. I am not an intruder upon the landscape of creation I am a part of it.

I recently posted a video by Sherwood Idso about carbon dioxide called the Breath of Life. In the video he uses his very breath to fertilize plant growth. Carbon Dioxide to plant life is as oxygen is to animal life. The symmetry of creation, the perfection of God, if you will, is that we breathe their breath, our breath they breathe.

This is no small matter either for the participants, which amounts to all of life on Earth, or for ones view of the world. It comes down to a fundamental outlook which is wrought with irony, is man(kind) part of creation or an intruder upon it? The ironies are these:

On the one side are those who do not believe in God, (no judgment here, I believe, belief is a gift from God) are most likely to view mankind as an intruder yet believe strongly in natural selection. In other words those who believe in what amounts to survival of the fittest are most likely to condemn mankind for practicing it.

On the other side you have those who believe in God and most likely believe that God has put all creatures and life forms here for our use now arguing that man is not apart from nature but a part of it.

This of course is a generalization, there are people who believe in God and believe also that we are destroying his creation through our actions a somewhat slap at God’s omnipotence in my opinion. There are also those who do not believe in God and do not believe that man is a destructive force in the scheme of things.

There is a simple truth in all this. If there is a God then the end is of His/Her choosing so whether we view ourselves as a part or apart from creation is really irrelevant, His will be done. If on the other hand there is no God the process of natural selection will determine the outcome.

The only other possibility defies both views, that man can determine the outcome apart from either God in which case why worship God? Or the evolution of natural selection is relevant to everything except man, in which case why have the theory? Either way the conclusion is the same -we are Gods.

And that is what is so ironic about the current debate on “climate change”. The idea that some think that certain among us have evolved to a point where they know the outcome apart from either God or the laws of nature. Yet these same people do not seem to understand the simplicity less alond the divinity of we breathe their breath, our breath they breathe.

Wednesday, December 30, 2009


Monday, August 24, 2009

Movie Night

Sunday, August 9, 2009

German scientists letter to Chancellor Angela Merkel

To the attention of the Honorable Madam Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany

When one studies history, one learns that the development of societies is often determined by a zeitgeist, which at times had detrimental or even horrific results for humanity. History tells us time and again that political leaders often have made poor decisions because they followed the advice of advisors who were incompetent or ideologues and failed to recognize it in time. Moreover evolution also shows that natural development took a wide variety of paths with most of them leading to dead ends. No era is immune from repeating the mistakes of the past.

Politicians often launch their careers using a topic that allows them to stand out. Earlier as Minister of the Environment you legitimately did this as well by assigning a high priority to climate change. But in doing so you committed an error that has since led to much damage, something that should have never happened, especially given the fact you are a physicist. You confirmed that climate change is caused by human activity and have made it a primary objective to implement expensive strategies to reduce the so-called greenhouse gas CO2. You have done so without first having a real discussion to check whether early temperature measurements and a host of other climate related facts even justify it.

A real comprehensive study, whose value would have been absolutely essential, would have shown, even before the IPCC was founded, that humans have had no measurable effect on global warming through CO2 emissions. Instead the temperature fluctuations have been within normal ranges and are due to natural cycles. Indeed the atmosphere has not warmed since 1998 – more than 10 years, and the global temperature has even dropped significantly since 2003.

Not one of the many extremely expensive climate models predicted this. According to the IPCC, it was supposed to have gotten steadily warmer, but just the opposite has occurred.

More importantly, there's a growing body of evidence showing anthropogenic CO2 plays no measurable role. Indeed CO2's capability to absorb radiation is already exhausted by today's atmospheric concentrations. If CO2 did indeed have an effect and all fossil fuels were burned, then additional warming over the long term would in fact remain limited to only a few tenths of a degree.

The IPCC had to have been aware of this fact, but completely ignored it during its studies of 160 years of temperature measurements and 150 years of determined CO2 levels. As a result the IPCC has lost its scientific credibility. The main points on this subject are included in the accompanying addendum.

In the meantime, the belief of climate change, and that it is manmade, has become a pseudo-religion. Its proponents, without thought, pillory independent and fact-based analysts and experts, many of whom are the best and brightest of the international scientific community. Fortunately in the internet it is possible to find numerous scientific works that show in detail there is no anthropogenic CO2 caused climate change. If it was not for the internet, climate realists would hardly be able to make their voices heard. Rarely do their critical views get published.

The German media has sadly taken a leading position in refusing to publicize views that are critical of anthropogenic global warming. For example, at the second International Climate Realist Conference on Climate in New York last March, approximately 800 leading scientists attended, some of whom are among the world's best climatologists or specialists in related fields. While the US media and only the Wiener Zeitung (Vienna daily) covered the event, here in Germany the press, public television and radio shut it out. It is indeed unfortunate how our media have developed - under earlier dictatorships the media were told what was not worth reporting. But today they know it without getting instructions.

Do you not believe, Madam Chancellor, that science entails more than just confirming a hypothesis, but also involves testing to see if the opposite better explains reality? We strongly urge you to reconsider your position on this subject and to convene an impartial panel for the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, one that is free of ideology, and where controversial arguments can be openly debated. We the undersigned would very much like to offer support in this regard.

Respectfully yours,

Prof. Dr.rer.nat. Friedrich-Karl Ewert EIKE


Universität. - GH - Paderborn, Abt. Höxter (ret.)


Dr. Holger Thuß

EIKE President

European Institute for Climate and Energy

Signed by

Signed by


1 Prof. Dr.Ing. Hans-Günter Appel

2 Prof. Dr. hab. Dorota Appenzeller Professor of Econometrics and Applied Mathematics, Vice Dean University Poznan, Poland

3 Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Bachmann Former Director of the Institute for Vibration Engineering, FH Düsseldorf

4 Prof. Dr. Hans Karl Barth Managing Director World Habitat Society GmbH - Environmental Services

5 Dipl. Biologist Ernst Georg Beck

6 Dr. rer.nat. Horst Borchert Physicist

7 Dipl. Biol. Helgo Bran Former BW parliamentarian Green Party

8 Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Gerhard Buse Bio-chemist

9 Dr.Ing Ivo Busko German Center for Aviation and Aeronautics e.V.

10 Dr.Ing Gottfried Class Nuclear Safety, Thermo-hydraulics

11 Dr.Ing Urban Cleve Nuclear physicist, thermodynamics energy specialist

12 Dr.-Ing Rudolf-Adolf Dietrich Energy expert

13 Dipl.-Ing. Peter Dietze IPCC Expert Reviewer TAR

14 Dr. rer. nat Siegfried Dittrich Physical chemist

15 Dr. Theo Eichten Physicist

16 Ferroni Ferruccio Zurich President NIPCC-SUISSE

17 Dr. sc.agr. Albrecht Glatzle Agricultural biologist, Director científico INTTAS, Paraguay

18 Dr. rer. nat. Klaus-Jürgen Goldmann Geologist

19 Dr. rer. nat. Josef Große-Wördem Physical chemist

20 Dipl. Geologist Heinisch Heinisch

21 Dr. rer.nat. Horst Herman Chemist

22 Prof. Dr. Hans-Jürgen Hinz Former University of Münster Institute for Physical Chemistry

23 Dipl. Geologist Andreas Hoemann Geologist

24 Dipl. Geologist Siegfried Holler

25 Dr. rer.nat. Heinz Hug Chemiker

26 Dr. rer. nat. Bernd Hüttner Theoretical Physicist

27 Prof. Dr. Werner Kirstein Institute for Geography University Leipzig

28 Dipl. Meteorologe Klaus Knüpffer METEO SERVICE weather research GmbH

29 Dr. rer. hort. Werner Köster

30 Dr. rer.nat. Albert Krause Chemist

31 Drs. Hans Labohm IPCC AR4 Expert Reviewer Dipl. Business / science journalist

32 Dr. Rainer Link Physicist

33 Dipl. Physicist Alfred Loew

34 Prof. Dr. Physicist Horst-Joachim Lüdecke University for Engineering and business of Saarland

35 Prof. Dr. Horst Malberg University professor em. Meteorology and Climatology / Former Director of the Institute for Meteorology of the University of Berlin

36 Dr. rer.nat Wolfgang Monninger Geologist

37 Dipl. Meteorologist Dieter Niketta

38 Prof. Dr. Klemens Oekentorp Former director of the Geological-

Paleolontology Museum of the Westphalia Wilhelms-University Münster

39 Dr. Helmut Pöltelt Energy expert

40 Dipl. Meteorologist Klaus-Eckart Puls Meteorologist

41 Prof. Dr. Klaas Rathke Polytechnic OWL Dept. Höxter

42 rof. Dr.-Ing. Sc. D. Helmut Reihlen Director of the DIN German Institute for

Standards and Norms i.R.

43 Prof. Dr. Oliver Reiser University of Regensburg

44 Dipl. Physicist Wolfgang Riede Physicists ETH

45 Dipl.- Mineralogist Sabine Sauerberg Geoscientist

46 Prof. Jochen Schnetger Chemist

47 Prof. Dr. Sigurd Schulien University instructor

48 Dr. rer.nat. Franz Stadtbäumer Geologist

49 Dr. rer.nat. Gerhard Stehlik Physical chemist

50 Dipl. Ing. (BA) Norman Stoer System administrator

51 Dr. rer.nat.habil Lothar Suntheim Chemist

52 Dipl.-Ing. Heinz Thieme Technical assessor

53 Dr. phil. Dipl. Wolfgang Thüne Mainz Ministry of Environment Meteorologist

54 Dr. rer. oec. Ing. Dietmar Ufer Energy economist, Institute for Energy


55 Prof. Dr. Detlef von Hofe Former managing director of the DVS

56 Dipl Geographist Heiko Wiese Meteorologist

57 Dr.rer.nat. Erich Wiesner Euro Geologist

58 Dr.rer.nat. Ullrich Wöstmann Geologist

59 Prof. em. Dr. Heinz Zöttl Soil Sciences

60 Dr.rer.nat. Zucketto Chemist

61 Dr. rer.nat. Ludwig Laus Geologist

+ 6 others

And 189 concerned active citizens, many with distinguished professional titles

Tuesday, July 14, 2009

Skeptics From Around the Globe-APS Letter

An Open Letter to the Council of the American Physical Society

As physicists who are familiar with the science issues, and as current and past members of the American Physical Society, we the undersigned urge the Council to revise its current statement on climate change as follows, so as to more accurately represent the current state of the science:

Greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, accompany human industrial and agricultural activity. While substantial concern has been expressed that emissions may cause significant climate change, measured or reconstructed temperature records indicate that 20th -21st century changes are neither exceptional nor persistent, and the historical and geological records show many periods warmer than today. In addition, there is an extensive scientific literature that examines beneficial effects of increased levels of carbon dioxide for both plants and animals.

Studies of a variety of natural processes, including ocean cycles and solar variability, indicate that they can account for variations in the Earth’s climate on the time scale of decades and centuries. Current climate models appear insufficiently reliable to properly account for natural and anthropogenic contributions to past climate change, much less project future climate.

The APS supports an objective scientific effort to understand the effects of all processes – natural and human -- on the Earth’s climate and the biosphere’s response to climate change, and promotes technological options for meeting challenges of future climate changes, regardless of cause.

Donald Rapp-Chief Technologist, Mechanical and Chemical Systems, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (retired) USC Space Engineering Research Center,Professor of Physics and Environmental Engineering, University of Texas (1973-1979) Fellow APS

Dr. Sultan Hameed -Professor of Atmospheric Science School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences Stony Brook University, New York

Riccardo DeSalvo-Senior Scientist Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) California Institute of Technology

Ami E. Berkowitz-Emeritus Professor of Physics University of California at San Diego Fellow APS

Louis J. Allamandola - Director, Astrochemistry Laboratory NASA Ames Research Center Fellow APS, AAAS Member ACS, American Astronomical Society, International Astronomical Union

Moorad Alexanian-Professor of Physics and Physical Oceanography University of North Carolina -Wilmington Member Mexican Academy of Sciences, American Scientific Affiliation

Mike Gruntman-Professor of Astronautics, University of Southern California, Member American Geophysical Union, Associate Fellow AIAA
Robert H. Austin=Professor of Physics, Princeton University, Fellow APS, AAAS; APS Council: 1991-1994, 2007-2010, Member National Academy of Sciences, American Association of Arts and Sciences

Jens Feder
Professor of Physics of Geological Processes, University of Oslo, Fellow APS

Gregory H. Canavan-Senior Fellow and Scientific Advisor, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Fellow APS

Robert S Knox Professor of Physics-UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER , Member APS Council (1985-1988), Fellow APS

Barry L. Berman-Columbian Professor and Chair, Physics Department, The George Washington University, Fellow APS

Harry I. Ringermacher-Sr. Research Physicist, General Electric Global Research Center, AIP "History of Physics in Industry" Participant at GE, Sir William Herschel Medal (American Academy of Thermology), Copper Black Award (American Mensa) 2003 and 2007

Arie Bodek-George E. Pake Professor of Physics, University of Rochester, Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics (APS) 2004 Fellow APS

Dr. John Lindl- chief scientist for the NIF & Photon Science Directorate
James Clerk Maxwell Prize for Plasma Physics (APS) 2007, Fellow APS, AAAS

Dr. Salvatore Torquato
Professor of Chemistry and the Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Materials Institute and Applied & Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Fellow APS; 2009 APS David Alder Lectureship Award in the Field of Material Physics

Complete List

APS Names and Affiliations List (Aug 7, 2009)

Harold M. Agnew Director, Los Alamos National Laboratory (1970 -1979) President, General Atomics Corporation (1979 -1984) White House Science Councilor (1982 -1989)

E.O. Lawrence Award 1966, Enrico Fermi Award 1978, Los Alamos Medal (with H.A. Bethe) 2001 Member National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Fellow APS, AAAS

Sol Aisenberg President, International Technology Group Former Staff Member, MIT; Lecturer, Harvard Medical School; Former Visiting Research Professor, Boston University

Ralph B. Alexander Former Associate Professor of Physics Wayne State University President, R.B. Alexander & Associates Technology and market analysis in environmentally friendly materials and coatings Author, Global Warming False Alarm (Canterbury)

Moorad Alexanian Professor of Physics and Physical Oceanography University of North Carolina -Wilmington Member Mexican Academy of Sciences, American Scientific Affiliation

Louis J. Allamandola Director, Astrochemistry Laboratory NASA Ames Research Center Fellow APS, AAAS Member ACS, American Astronomical Society, International Astronomical Union

Eva Andrei Professor of Physics Rutgers University Fellow APS

Robert H. Austin Professor of Physics Princeton University Fellow APS, AAAS; APS Council: 1991-1994, 2007-2010 Member National Academy of Sciences, American Association of Arts and Sciences

Franco Battaglia Professor of Chemical Physics and Environmental Chemistry University of Modena, Italy APS Life-member

David J. Benard Aerospace Scientist (retired) Co-Inventor of the Chemical Oxygen-Iodine Laser

Lev I. Berger President California Institute of Electronics and Materials Science Author, Semiconductor Materials; and Material and Device Characterization Measurements (CRC Press)

Stuart B. Berger Research Fellow and Divisional Time-to-Market Manager Xerox Corporation (retired)

Ami E. Berkowitz Emeritus Professor of Physics University of California at San Diego Fellow APS

Barry L. Berman Columbian Professor and Chair Physics Department The George Washington University Fellow APS

Edwin X. Berry Atmospheric Physicist, Climate Physics, LLC Certified Consulting Meteorologist #180 Member American Meteorological Society

Vladislav A. Bevc Former Associate Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey (retired); Technical Staff Member, The Aerospace Corporation; Physicist, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Visiting Fellow, Hoover Institution (Stanford University) Member IEEE

Clifford Bruce Bigham Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd. (retired) Senior Member APS, Sustaining Member CAP

Arie Bodek George E. Pake Professor of Physics University of Rochester Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics (APS) 2004 Fellow APS

Lowell S. Brown Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Washington Scientific Staff Member, Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow APS, AAAS

Daniel M. Bubb Associate Professor and Chair Department of Physics Rutgers University -Camden

Timothy D. Calvin President, Bearfoot Corporation (retired) Fabricated rubber products for the DOD, shoe and automobile industries Member ACS

Gregory H. Canavan Senior Fellow and Scientific Advisor, Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow APS

Roger W. Cohen Manager, Strategic Planning and Programs ExxonMobil Corporation (retired) Otto Schade Prize (Society for Information Display) 2006 Fellow APS

Steven R. Cranmer Astrophysicist, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Karen Harvey Prize (AAS) 2006 Associate Editor, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Member: American Astronomical Society, American Geophysical Union

Jerry M. Cuttler President, Cuttler and Associates, Inc. Engineering, consulting, and licensing services for the nuclear power industry President, Canadian Nuclear Society 1995-1996 Fellow Canadian Nuclear Society, Member American Nuclear Society

Joseph G. Depp Founding President and CEO, Accuray Incorporated (retired) Stereotactic radiosurgery technology Founding President and CEO, PsiStar Incorporated Life member APS

Riccardo DeSalvo Senior Scientist Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) California Institute of Technology

David H. Douglass Professor of Physics University of Rochester Fellow APS Paul J. Drallos President and CEO, Plasma Dynamics Corporation (retired) Kinetic & fluid dynamic computer simulation services

Albert G. Engelhardt President and CEO, Enfitek, Inc. Environmental control and security systems Senior Life Member IEEE

Hughen Falconer Emeritus Professor of Geology University of Aberdeen Member American Geophysical Union

Jens G. Feder Professor of Physics of Geological Processes University of Oslo Fellow APS

Peter D. Friedman Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Member American Geophysical Union, ASME, American Nuclear Society

Rodger L. Gamblin Inventor Holder of 44 issued U.S. patents

Gary J. Gerardi Professor, Department of Chemistry and Physics William Paterson University

Ivar Giaever Institute Professor, School of Engineering and School of Science Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 Fellow APS, Member National Academy of Science, National Academy of Engineering

Albert Gold Associate Dean of Engineering and Applied Sciences (Retired) Harvard University

Laurence I. Gould Professor of Physics University of Hartford Member Executive Board of the New England Section of the APS Chairman (2004), New England Section APS Paul M. Grant EPRI Science Fellow (retired) IBM Research Staff Member Emeritus Senior Life Fellow APS

Howard D. Greyber University of Pennsylvania (retired) Formerly Princeton University, LLNL Theory Group, Northeastern University Member American Astronomical Society, Fellow Royal Astronomical Society

Mike Gruntman Professor of Astronautics University of Southern California Author, Blazing the Trail. The Early History of Spacecraft and Rocketry (AIAA) Luigi G. Napolitano Book Award (International Academy of Astronautics) 2006 Member American Geophysical Union, Associate Fellow AIAA

George Hacken Senior Director, Safety-Critical Systems New York City Transit Authority Former Senior Member of the Technical Staff, GEC-Marconi Aerospace Chair, New York Chapter, IEEE Computer Society Member AMS, SIAM, ANS, AIAA, New York Academy of Sciences

Sultan Hameed Professor of Atmospheric Science School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences Stony Brook University, New York

William Happer Cyrus Fogg Brackett Professor of Physics Princeton University Fellow APS, AAAS Member National Academy of Sciences

Howard C. Hayden Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Connecticut Editor, The Energy Advocate Author, A Primer on CO2 and Climate (Vales Lake)

Jack M. Hollander Professor Emeritus of Energy and Resources, University of California, Berkeley Vice-President Emeritus, The Ohio State University First Head, Energy and Environment Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Fellow APS, AAAS

David B. Holtkamp Scientific Staff Member, Physics Division Los Alamos National Laboratory

Helen Jackson Physicist, U.S. Air Force Wright Patterson Air Force Base Member Materials Research Society, IEEE

James R. Johnson 3M Company (retired) Member Carlton Society (3M Hall of Fame) Member National Academy of Engineering

O’Dean Judd LANL Fellow Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired) Technical Advisor and Consultant Fellow APS, IEEE, AAAS

Andrew Kaldor Distinguished Scientific Advisor Manager of Breakthrough Research ExxonMobil Corporation (retired) Fellow AAAS, Member ACS

Alexander E. Kaplan Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering The Johns Hopkins University Max Born Award (Optical Society of America) 2005 Alexander von Humboldt Award (von Humboldt Foundation) 1996 Fellow OSA

Jonathan Katz Professor of Physics Washington University

William E. Keller Leader. Low Temperature Physics Group 1971-1985 (retired) Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow APS

Robert S. Knox Professor of Physics Emeritus University of Rochester Member APS Council (1985-1988) Fellow APS

Joseph A. Kunc Professor, Physics and Astronomy University of Southern California Fellow APS

Robert E. LeLevier Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1951-1957) Physics Department, RAND Corp (1957-1971) R&D Associates (1971-1983) Eos Technologies, Inc. (1983-1993)

Robert E. Levine Industrial and Defense Physics and Engineering (retired) Member ACM, IEEE

John D. Lindl James Clerk Maxwell Prize for Plasma Physics (APS) 2007 Fellow APS, AAAS

Alfred U. MacRae President, MacRae Technologies Fellow APS, IEEE, Member National Academy of Engineering

Phillip W. Mange Associate Superintendent, Space Science Division Scientific Consultant to the Director of Research, Naval Research Laboratory (retired)

Jim Mitroy Lecturer in Physics, School of Engineering and Information Technology Charles Darwin University, Australia

Michael Monce Professor of Physics, Astronomy, and Geophysics Connecticut College Member AAPT, American Geophysical Union

Nasif Nahle Scientific Research Director Biology Cabinet, Mexico Member AAAS, New York Academy of Sciences

Rodney W. Nichols President and CEO, New York Academy of Sciences (1992-2001) Vice President and Executive Vice President, The Rockefeller University (1970-1990) Secretary of Defense Medal for Distinguished Meritorious Civilian Service (1970) Fellow AAAS, New York Academy of Sciences

Gordon C. Oehler Senior Fellow, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies Working Group Chairman, Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States. Corporate Vice President for Corporate Development, SAIC (1998-2004) National Intelligence Officer for Science, Technology and Proliferation (1989-1992)

William P. Oliver Professor of Physics Tufts University Life Member APS

Frank R. Paolini Adjunct Professor of Physics University of Connecticut at Stamford (retired) Senior Member APS, Member IEEE

Thomas E. Phipps, Jr. Physicist (retired) Operations Evaluation Group, MIT US Naval Ordnance Laboratory Senior Member APS

Donald Rapp Chief Technologist, Mechanical and Chemical Systems, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (retired) Professor of Physics and Environmental Engineering, University of Texas (1973-1979) Author, “Assessing Climate Change” and “Ice Ages and Interglacials” (Springer-Verlag) Fellow APS

John E. Rhoads Professor of Physics Midwestern State University (retired) Member SPE

Harry I. Ringermacher Sr. Research Physicist General Electric Global Research Center AIP "History of Physics in Industry" Participant at GE Sir William Herschel Medal (American Academy of Thermology) Copper Black Award (American Mensa) 2003 and 2007

Stanley Robertson Emeritus Professor of Physics Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Berol Robinson Principal Scientific Officer UNESCO (retired) Member AAPT, AAAS, Association des Écologistes Pour le Nucléaire

Nicola Scafetta Research Scientist, Physics Department, Duke University Member American Geophysical Union

Thomas P. Sheahen President/ CEO, Western Technology, Inc. (energy sciences consulting) Member AAAS; APS Congressional Science Fellowship (1977-78) Author, Introduction to High Temperature Superconductivity (Springer)

Joseph Silverman Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering, Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Maryland Fellow APS, ANS

S. Fred Singer Professor of Environmental Sciences Emeritus University of Virginia First Director of the National Weather Satellite Service Fellow APS, AAAS, American Geophysical Union

Hermann Statz Raytheon Corporation (retired) Microwave Pioneer Award (IEEE) 2004 Fellow APS

Nick Steph Chair, Department of Physics Franklin College Member AAPT, ACS

Peter Stilbs Professor of Physical Chemistry Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden Life Member APS

Szymon Suckewer Professor of School of Engineering & Applied Sciences Director of Plasma Science & Technology Program Princeton University Fellow APS, OSA

Ronald M. Sundelin Associate Director, DOE Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (retired) Commonwealth Professor Emeritus of Physics, Virginia Tech Fellow APS

Frank J. Tipler Professor of Mathematical Physics Tulane University Coauthor, The Anthropic Cosmological Principle (Oxford University Press) Salvatore Torquato Professor of Chemistry and the Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Materials Institute and Applied & Computational Mathematics Princeton University 2009 APS David Alder Lectureship Award in the Field of Material Physics Fellow APS

Edward S. Troy Principal Engineer Aerospace Consulting Wireless, RF, microwave, analog/DSP, and GPS circuits and systems Member IEEE

Samuel A. Werner Curators’ Professor Emeritus The University of Missouri Guest Researcher, NIST Fellow APS, AAAS

Bruce J. West Adjunct Professor of Physics Duke University Fellow APS

Peter J. Wojtowicz Group Head, Senior Member Technical Staff (retired) RCA Labs, GE, Sarnoff Corporation Fellow APS

M. John Yoder Principal Physicist The MITRE Corporation Life Member APS

Martin V. Zombeck Physicist, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (retired) Author, Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics (Cambridge University Press) Coauthor, High Resolution X-Ray Spectroscopy of Cosmic Plasmas (Cambridge University Press)

Tuesday, June 23, 2009

Not So Fast

We urge the United States government to reject the global warming agreement that was written in Kyoto, Japan in December, 1997, and any other similar proposals. The proposed limits on greenhouse gases would harm the environment, hinder the advance of science and technology, and damage the health and welfare of mankind.

There is no convincing scientific evidence that human release of carbon dioxide, methane, or other greenhouse gasses is causing or will, in the foreseeable future, cause catastrophic heating of the Earth's atmosphere and disruption of the Earth's climate. Moreover, there is substantial scientific evidence that increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide produce many beneficial effects upon the natural plant and animal environments of the Earth.

Dr Edward T. Dugan Associate Professor-Nuclearand Radiological Engineering University of Florida

Dr.Berken Chang-Professor of Physics Emeritus, California State LA

Martin Sichel Emeritus Professor-Department of Aerospace Engineering, The University of Michigan

Dr Charles Neal Delzell,PhD,Professor Mathematics Department-Louisiana State University

Dr. Earl W. BakerPhD,Department of Chemistry / Biochemistry-Florida Atlantic University
Dr.Ning Xi PhD,Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering-Michigan State University

Dr.David L. Mork, PhD Associate Professor (Chair) of Chemistry-Concordia College (Minnesota)

Dr.Thomas Kanneman-Electrical Engineering Professor Emeritus-University of San Diego

Dr. Bradley C. Antanaitis PhD, Associate Professor Physics-Lafayette College

Dr Thomas L. Davenport, PhD - Associate Professor Horticultural Sciences-University of Florida

Dr. William R. Dolbier, Jr. PhD, Department of Chemistry-University of Florida

Jerry S. Dobrovolny,-Emeritus Professor of General Engineering-University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Dr. Gene G. Wubbels PhD Professor of Chemistry-University of Nebraska-Kearney

Dr. Edward A. Dratz, Ph. D
Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry -Montana State University

Dr Walter Schimmerling,NASA program scientist for space radiation research - Washington D.C.

Dr. Marguerite Wilton Coomes -professor College of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology-Howard University.

Dr.Zeki Y. Al-Saigh Professor Department of Chemistry-Buffalo State College

Dr.Victor Asirvatham, Ph.D,Chemistry and Biochemistry Research Assistant Professor-Florida Atlantic University

Dr. Ramón L. Alonso-MIT Laboratory

Dr. Robert T. DeHoff professor of materials science and engineering-Univerity of Florida

Dr. Gilbert E. Pacey, Associate Dean for Research and Scholarship, DirectorCenter for Nanotechnology, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry- Miami University

Dr.Gary A. Flandro PhD, Boling Chair of Excellence in Space Propulsion Professor of Aerospace Engineering- University of Tennessee

Dr. Dan Cantliffe PhD-Distinguished Professor & Chairman UFRF Professor International Agricultural Trade & Policy Center -Professor Horticultural Sciences Department -University of Florida

Dr. Gordon W. Gribble PhD Professor of Chemistry-Dartmouth

Dr. Richard A. Gaggioli, Ph.D, P.E. Emeritus Professor Mechanical Engineering- Marquette University

Dr. Walter R. Tschinkel PhD-Robert O. Lawton Distinguished Professor of Biological Science- Florida State University

Dr. Widen Tabakoff PhD Professor of Aerospace Engineering & Engineering Mechanics- University of Cincinnati

Monday, June 15, 2009

Friday, June 12, 2009

Wednesday, May 20, 2009

Movie Night